Which 6 missions of India will prove to be milestones in space By ISRO Missions

The entire focus of the Union Budget presented this week was on self-sufficient India and infrastructure, so how could India's space program be left behind in it. In his budget speech, the Finance Minister not only prominently mentioned the future miracles of ISRO but also announced an increase of Rs 4,449 crore in the budget for it.

Which 6 missions of India will prove to be milestones in space By ISRO

Routine work is done by private players

ISRO's focus on future research could be freed from the work of ISRO routines and focus on future research and development work related to space, with an aim to name one in-space (Indian National Space Promotion and Economization Center) The organization is formed. Space, security, law, and strategic affairs experts are expected to be appointed along with its president soon this year. The PMO and State Department officials will also be members of this organization. With this change, private players will do routine work ie the launching of Chhotamote satellites. Through this organization, private industries will be allowed to use ISRO's infrastructure and services.

Many development programs have lagged behind a year because of Covid 19. India's space program is no exception to this. Because of this no notable mission could be launched in 2020.

But this also does not mean that Indian space scientists were sitting idle. He is involved in development and research work in laboratories. M. Gangarade remained. Now that the shadow has started casting darkness due to Kovid, the Indian space organization ISRO is preparing to launch its ambitious missions. With the proposed missions of ISRO in 2021 and in the coming years, India is eager to take a new leap in space. 

ISRO is working on many such missions, big and small, but among them, these 6 will prove to be milestones:

6 missions of India will prove to be milestones in space By ISRO Missions

Man in Gaganyaan mission space

The first flight of Gaganyaan has proposed in December 2020 and the second flight in July 2021. But due to Covid, these flights have to be postponed. Now the first - flight in 2021 and the second flight will be in 2022. These flights will be sent to 'Viommitra', a humanoid robot developed by ISRO. The goal of both of these unmanned flights would be to demonstrate the technique of sending two or three Vaymonaut (astronauts) into orbit close to the Earth. Significantly, Gaganyaan will be India's first manned space mission. This manned mission will depend on the success of both these flights, which is expected in 2022. For this, four pilots of the Indian Air Force have been selected, whose training is going on in Russia.

Chandrayaan-3 mission in search of water

Chandrayaan-3 mission preparations have been started due to the failure of Chandrayaan-2's soft landing. Chandrayaan-2's landing may have failed, but the orbiter sent with it will still work for at least 6 to 7 years. For this reason, the orbiter will not be needed for Chandrayaan-3. Its lander and rover will likely land on the ITCAN Basin, the south pole of the moon, by the end of this year. An announcement of its date is awaited. Where lander and rover of Chandrayaan-3 are expected to be found, a significant amount of snow or water will be found on its surface. It will be detected by the equipment installed in the rover. This discovery will increase the possibility of human settlement on the moon in the future. Significantly, the first Chandrayaan mission launched in the year 2008 had expected the possibility of water on the moon.

Mission Venus

Under this, the planet Shukrayan-1 will be sent into the orbit of Venus, which will work there for four years and collect information about the planet Venus. For this, work has been started on the development of instruments. Russia, France, Sweden, and Germany will also participate in the scheme. Shukrayan-1 is planned to be launched by June 2023. But if it could not be launched at that time, then the time of Venus being close to the Earth would come after 19 months. That is, the launching year will be postponed till 2025.

Aditya L-1

This will be ISRO's first mission to study the sun. Its flight was first proposed in the year 2020, but now it is planned to be launched by 2022. This will be a unique experiment scientifically. Under this, a satellite weighing 400 kg will be placed on 'Lagrange Point 1' (L1), which is about 1.5 million kilometers from Earth. From there, the equipment mounted on that satellite will be able to test the sun continuously without interruption during the eclipse state.

SSLV Development 

Development of SSLV (Small Satellite Launch Vehicle) is also underway to launch small and low load satellites. With this rocket, satellites weighing up to 500 kg can be placed in close orbit of the earth, and satellites weighing up to 300 kg can be left in synchronous orbit. Its first developmental flight is expected by March 2021. A separate launchpad is being prepared for this. In the future, the new spaceport being built at Kulasekarapatnam in the Tuticorin district will be used for launching satellites. New Space India Limited, a private company formed to launch satellites, will undertake the production and launch of SSLV.

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